Pet Food Texture Types

As there are more and more pet food choices around let’s talk about the different textures of pet foods.

Dry Food – These are the ones that are crunchy and can come in various sizes, from small for little dogs and range out the large specialty ones made for dental care. Dry food is made by preparing a recipe of dry and wet ingredients and mixed up. It is then put through a cooking process of steaming or using heated water. They are dried to remove the main amount of water. These processes were originally used for making cereal for people and then altered to prepare pet foods. The cooked food is then put through an extruder – this is the machine that makes it into the size and shape that is required for each food type. After it is cut up by knives at the end of the extruder, it is sprayed with oils, vitamins and other products. Several vitamins must be added here as they would dissolve or degrade otherwise in the cooking process. Now the dry foods made be bagged up in the appropriate sizes for transport and sale.

Canned Food – These foods have a different process. The materials are mixed together and then ground into smaller pieces. As the materials are mixed together, they start to increase the temperature of the mixer. It causes the starch ingredients to gelatinize the proteins and makes the texture of the canned food. Once the food is fully blended and cooked, it is sent through a filler/seamer machine, and the cans are filled. The final process is sterilizing of the cans. It is extreme heating that kills any potentially dangerous bacteria. They are cooled, labelled and sent on their way. The French army developed the process of canning dog food in the 1880s, and there have been some improvements over the years.

Semi-Moist Food – This third option is a spongy textured food that is not as soft as the canned food. It is only found in a few kinds of pet foods. The issue in the making it, however, is to keep it at that texture there is an abundance of salt and sugar used. It is not a good choice in a portion of pet food.

Regardless of the texture your choice of texture, you want to make sure that that food is of good quality and is correct for your pet’s health and stage of life. We can help you make healthy selections at the clinic.

If you have any questions, give us a call at 519.893.1360.

Written by: Lisa Clifford, RVT



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Dear Clients,

As Ontario continues its reopening, we are excited to see our community get closer to a sense of normalcy. We applaud the significant effort and sacrifices you and your family have made to help us get this far.


At Manitou Animal Hospital our primary goal is to care for your beloved pets. By extension, this means keeping you as a pet parent healthy as well. Many of you have already recently visited the hospital and have personally experienced the additional safety procedures we have put in place to ensure the well-being of you and your pets using our “closed waiting room” policy.

Our "closed waiting room" policy:

  1. When you arrive in the parking lot, please remain outside the hospital and use your cell phone to call 519-893-1360. We will take a history of your pet's health and discuss any concerns.
  2. A staff member will then meet you outside to bring your pet into the hospital for an examination.
    We ask that you remain in the parking lot and keep your phone turned on.
  3. The Veterinarian will call you once the physical exam is complete to discuss the recommended treatment plan.
  4. We encourage credit card over the phone as the preferred payment method. We can also accept e-transfer.
  5. A staff member will bring your pet and any medications back outside to you.

During the coming months and as long as COVID-19 continues to circulate in our community we at Manitou will continue to offer our services using these enhanced safety procedures, including the curbside and closed waiting room service model. For the health and safety of everyone, we will not be able to have you accompany your pet(s) into the clinic for procedures at this time. We unfortunately would just not be able to meet proper physical distancing requirements and ensure your safety and our team's.

We typically have a significant number of clients [100+] visit our clinic daily whether it be for medication, food or for a visit with the veterinarian or vet technician. Space in the front room and the exam rooms is very small, a well documented factor for increased risk of COVID transmission. If everyone were to come inside our clinic, even with masks on, it would significantly increase the risk of COVID exposure to each client entering the clinic as well as our staff. We are simply not willing to risk the health of you, your family and our staff. We know that with continued effort we will get through this together. We sincerely appreciate your patience and help in working with us during these challenging times.

Until then, we promise to give each and every one of your pets the very best care and a ton of hugs and kisses when they are in for a visit. We always treat them as if they were one of our own and look forward to seeing them!


Your dedicated care team at Manitou Animal Hospital


We are OPEN with the following hours:

Monday to Thursday: 8:00 am - 7:00 pm
Friday: 8:00am - 6:00pm
Saturday: 8:00 am - 12:00 pm (food and medication pickup only)
Sunday: CLOSED